Health & Fitness

How to Control Diabetes and Its Side Effects

To control diabetes is not a process of a day, a week, a month, or a year but the effort is worth it. With an ambition to control diabetes, the good thing is, you will live an improved life with fewer problems from diabetes: kidney failure, blindness, heart attack, and even strokes.

The basic technique and key to managing your diabetes are to keep your blood sugar level close to normal. It feels a hard task but if you follow a few easy steps you can control the issue of diabetes.


Diabetes is a condition in which the blood sugar or blood glucose level reaches a high level. Most significantly, diabetes is a result of the type of food you eat. Type 1 diabetes is a stage where the body fails to make insulin – insulin is a hormone that gives assistance to glucose to access the cells to give them power and energy.

In type 2 diabetes the body does not use insulin well, the more common type. When insulin is not enough, that is required, the glucose remains in the blood and it may lead to prediabetes. This means that the blood sugar has started to be high but not so high that it can be called diabetes. 

How Fast Can You Go From Prediabetes to Diabetes

To find the answer to the question of how fast you can go from prediabetes to diabetes is mandatory in all aspects. According to a report published by Harvard Medical School, only 25% of prediabetic people go from prediabetes to full-blown diabetes over a short period of three to four months. However, the rest 75% of people with prediabetes never go to diabetes and enjoy a healthy lifestyle.

Causes and Effects of Diabetes

Type1 diabetes occurs when the immune system becomes weak and the cells in the pancreas are destroyed in one way or the other. In this way, insulin level goes level due to the poor functioning of the pancreas. However, type2 diabetes is the result of family history.

Now it is mandatory to find the reasons behind that cause diabetes. In this regard, the below-given question must be answered accurately which are:

How can hypertension lead to diabetes?

Diabetes is usually linked with cardiovascular disease but it is not necessary in all cases. Researchers have found that numerous patients of diabetes have no cardiovascular disease.

According to some medical experts, hypertension is usually linked with diabetes. Now it is important to find how high blood pressure leads to diabetes. It is because there are a number of causes that are common in hypertension and diabetes. Hypertension has a metabolic syndrome that includes obesity and cardiovascular disease leading to diabetes. 

How can diabetes lead to kidney failure?

After analyzing the right causes of diabetes, it is important to find the risk involved. Along with all other effects, diabetes affects the kidneys severely in one way or the other.  How can diabetes lead to kidney failure is the prevailing question.

Type1 diabetes involves the damage of insulin that directly and indirectly damages other systems such as the integumentary system, circulatory system, and reproductive system. The failure of all these systems also leads to the poor working of the renal system which leads to ineffective filtering of all the waste materials from the blood.

The unfiltered material when entering into kidneys leaves harmful effects that become severe with the passage of time leading to the overall damage of kidneys.

How to Control Diabetes

Diabetes is the uneven level of blood sugar that can be controlled with proper care. At the early stage, the blood sugar can be maintained on a required level but in some severe cases, it becomes impossible to achieve the goal. In such cases, some other steps must be taken to control diabetes.

How can stem cells be useful in treating diabetes?

Type1 diabetes is the result of damage to the pancreas due to poor immune systems. The latest and advanced technology has provided the facilities to replace the stem cell in the pancreas in order to swap the damaged insulin-producing cells with healthy ones. This is the most simple treatment as it helps the pancreas to work efficiently to produce the required insulin for the body without leaving any harmful effect.

How can gene therapy be used to treat diabetes?

Diabetes is the disease that needs proper care and healthy lifestyle for its control but there is no proper method to cure it completely. However, some researchers have reached the point that diabetes can be cured with a treatment that involves gene therapy.

It is important to trace the ways that gene therapy can be used to treat diabetes. It is possible to treat type1 diabetes with gene therapy as gene therapy is the simple technique that can be applied at any angle. In this regard, gene therapy by the viral vector and non-viral transduction is beneficial and effective.

Gene therapy involves the suppression of autoreactive T cells that are responsible for prophylactic. In this way, islet destruction is prevented in order to replace insulin genes. It is done when diabetes is detected and it reaches the uncontrollable stage.

Closing remarks

In brief, diabetes is the uneven level of blood sugar that can be maintained with proper care and healthy eating with the maintenance of a healthy lifestyle. However, some people suffering from diabetes cannot maintain a healthy routine due to their personal problems. As a result, the theory has to face the uncontrollable stage of diabetes.

In some cases, people may suffer from kidney failure that can lead to death in severe cases. With the blessing of advanced technology and competitive research in the medical field, it becomes possible to treat diabetes in some cases.

The replacement of the stem cells is one option that replaces the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Similarly, gene therapy is the best technique in order to treat diabetes which involves the prevention of T cells and the replacement of insulin genes for proper production of insulin in the body.


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