After giving birth to a baby a Mom experience numerous powerful emotions from a great feeling of happiness & joy to fear & nervousness. But sometimes it leads to something you can not expect which is depression.
Mostly new moms experience a less severe form of postpartum “blue baby” which includes difficulty in sleeping, common-mode swing, anxiety & stress. But in some new moms, it triggers a more severe & long-lasting form of depression known as “Postpartum depression (PPD)”.
What is a postpartum depression in women?
Postpartum depression is also known as postnatal depression. It is a complex mixture of hormonal, behavioral, physical & emotional changes in women’s after giving birth. Postpartum depression is a major form of depression that appears within four weeks after delivery. PPD associated with Hormonal, Social & Physiological variations.
In mothers, what are the different types of PPD?
There are three different types based on mode variations in women’s after giving birth.
- The less severe or even normal type is “Blue baby“. It occurs in women’s day after delivery. In this case, new moms may have sudden mode changes, like feeling very happy & then very sad. They can feel impatient, restless & lonely. This type of postpartum may last only a few hours or as long as two weeks after delivery. This type does not require any treatment of health care only by joining a support group of new or talking with other new moms helps.
- PPD is far more serious than a blue baby, it can affect 1 out of 10 new moms. If you are an affected mom you may feel frustration, lows & highs careless for your baby or for yourself. You may also suffer from severe irritation,
restlessness, anxiety & fatigue. Its symptoms may appear within the days after delivery sometimes gradually or even up to a year later.
- Postpartum psychosis is the most extreme type of postpartum & requires immediate medical treatment. It is a rare type it affects only 1 in 1000 women after delivery. In this case, symptoms occur rapidly after the baby delivery & are extreme may last for a few weeks to several weeks. Common symptoms are a hallucination, rapid speech, shame & hopelessness, etc. It requires quick medical treatment since the patient’s mother can severely harm herself in some cases even they tried to do suicide & also can harm the baby.
What are the main sign & symptoms of postpartum mothers?
The sign & symptoms may vary from one woman to another butnew moms & workingmoms are being affected the most. The main sign & symptoms are listed below:
- Fatigue, delusion & hallucination
- difficulty in sleeping & eating
- Thoughts of death & suicide in severe cases
- Lack of concentration
- Difficulty in remembering things
- Want to escape from everyone & everything
- Sometimes you feel out of control
- You think I’m not a good mother or can’t be a good one
- You get angry on a minor mistake
- You always want to be alone
- You do Crying & claiming yourself for no reason
What causes the Postpartum Depression (PPD) in mothers?
The cause of PPD in women is still not well known. But to some extent, it is believed that Chemical or Hormonal variations can cause PPD or postnatal depression. Hormonal or chemical changes involve a quick decrease in hormones after delivery.
But the actual association of hormones with depression is still unknown.
But what is known is that the level of two important hormones i.e progesterone & estrogen. These two females’ reproductive hormones increase about ten folds. Then they drop rapidly. After the three days of delivery, the level of these hormones drops back to its initial level before she got pregnant.
What are PPD Risk factors?
As we know that still there is no well-known cause of PPD. But there are numbers are factors suggested to increase the risk:
- PPD or anxiety
- Low self-esteem
- Severe premenstrual symptoms
- Sexual abuse
- Smoking & high use of alcohol
- Poor marital status
- Depression history of family or personal
- Low social contacts or loneliness
How is the postpartum depression in women treated?
Treatment for PPD can vary from women to women. It may include:
- Counseling with psychologist
- Your family members should have to take well care of you
- Get enough sleep, eat well do exercise & take time to relax
- Increase social contacts get yourself engage with family & friends
- Try not to be alone & do not overthink
- If your case is severe visit a good physician
- Take medicines regularly. There are numerous medicines that are safe to take while feeding your baby.
You don’t have to get disappointed. Most of the postpartum depressed women get well soon after treatment. Within a few weeks of treatment, they start enjoying their lives pleasures again.