PCOS short for Polycystic ovary syndrome or Polycystic ovarian syndrome. It is one of the main causes that make females sterile. It affects an estimated 5 million women. But don’t panic you can get pregnant. There are numerous effective treatments to deal with PCOS. These treatments include Clomid, Gonadotropins & (In Vitro Fertilization)IVF.
Most women can conceive after changing their lifestyle & by taking fertility drugs.
While some women with Polycystic ovarian syndrome need IVF to get conceive. The majority will get conceive by using lower-tech fertility treatments.
What is Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)?
Eggs grow in female reproductive organs, the ovaries inside the tiny fluid-filled sacs like structure known as follicles. When an egg becomes mature each month the follicle containing it breaks open to discharge it.
Polycystic ovarian syndrome interferes with this ovulation process. Women having PCOS produce a higher level (more than normal) of the male hormone testosterone and this high level of testosterone hormone gets in the way of ovulation. This causes women with PCOS to have irregular or sometimes absent ovulation periods.
These fluid-filled follicles don’t get burst, instead remain in the ovaries as cysts. So the name (poly means many) & (cystic means cyst) collectively many cysts containing ovaries.
What are the causes of polycystic ovarian syndrome?
Yet now doctors are not sure about the precise causes of Polycystic ovary syndrome but there are some factors which have been linked to the condition:
- Obesity or Overweight. Overweight can be the cause of Polycystic ovary syndrome.
Women with overweight are at higher risk for Polycystic ovarian syndrome, while women with PCOS are at greater risk of overweight. So here the researchers are unable to decide whether excess weight causes Polycystic ovary syndrome or vice versa. Even so, if you are trying to get pregnant, it’s a great idea to start eating healthy foods & exercising.
- Excess of Insulin. Researchers have found that if women suffer from PCOS they also have a high level of insulin because their bodies are not able to use it properly. Insulin also regulates ovarian function in women. The presence of too much insulin in the body can cause irregular or absent ovulation.
- Genetics. Polycystic ovary syndrome is an inherited disease. It appears to run in families. So if PCOS is present in your family mean in a close female relative or in your mom so your chances of having it are also higher.
What are the symptoms of Polycystic ovary syndrome?
A non-uniform period isn’t the only symptom of PCOS & an uncertain cycle isn’t necessarily a symptom that you have PCOS either. You might also notice the following changes:
- Acne on face
- Excessive hair growth on body parts & face
- Male pattern baldness
- Weight Gaining
- In severe cases prolonged vaginal bleeding
- In some cases, more than 1 in 2 women with PCOS develop type 2 diabetes
Sometimes many women don’t have PCOS but they also experience these symptoms.
You should consult your doctor if you have an irregular menstrual cycle or unpredictably any above symptoms. So the doctor will examine you & he will also check your family history to find whether you have PCOS with a cyst or just Polycystic ovarian syndrome.
Conceiving with Polycystic ovary syndrome
If you are suffering from PCOS but want to conceive, there are numerous treatment options for you.
- Metformin. It is a diabetic medicine. It helps to regulate the amount of insulin in your blood. Till now it is not approved by the FDA for the treatment of PCOS. But research shows that this & other diabetes medications help with fertility. But first, consult with your doctor.
- Clomid & Femara these two are also used with or without metformin for the treatment of fertility.
- Hormones shot. If Clomid & Femara does not work with or without metformin then the injectable fertility medication is the next step for women with PCOS.
- IVF. If none of the above treatment is working, IVF can help make conceiving a reality for women with